The era of global warming is followed by the era of global boiling. All the countries today are hustling and somehow trying to prevent this apocalyptic scenario. With COP28, Dubai in news and the global Stocktake report shows that we have already falling short of our target to keep the global warming levels rising above 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Story of Global Warming
The Story of Global warming started when industries boomed after the industrial revolution and economies started expanding at the cost of the environment. During the normal course of nature, the carbon sink capacity of the earth is sufficient to absorb the carbon released in the processes.
However, with the industrialized scenario, the excess carbon emitted in the atmosphere adds to this budget and we have the greenhouse effect which heats the earth and melts the glaciers and arctic sheets.
This has been a serious issue on the global platform. Since the COP21 Paris, Countries agreed to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius before the industrial revolution levels (the 1890s) and try to keep the level below 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Present Scenario
So far so bad, we have reached the level of 1.12 degrees Celsius, and the 1.5-degree limit is expected to be breached by 2030-40 if countries do not reach the net-zero status by 2050.
What is net zero?
Net Zero means the net total carbon emission of a country becomes zero i.e. it adds no more carbon to the atmosphere.
The global stocktake report highlighted in September that countries can only cut 5% of their total emissions by now and would be required to cut 43% by 2030 and 60% by 2035. Which seems quite impossible in the current scenario.
The burden of reducing the emission falls on the developing countries like India, China, and Bangladesh who require energy for their expanding economies and are not do technologically advanced as the Western countries to adopt renewable energy at such a massive scale yet.
India has pledged to reach the net zero status by 2070 and 50% of its energy needs to be met by renewable energy sources under its `panchamrit’ targets at COP26, Glasgow.
It remains thrilling to see whether we will be able to avoid the global boiling scenario or whether we all will get baked in the oven called Earth.